Bulgaria's capital Sofia - one of the oldest cities in Europe, where one can see many wonderful specimens of church and historic architecture. Although the title of the capital Sofia walks recently - in the status of the city remains no more than a half century. This, however, does not prevent her to be an interesting cultural center, a point of fusion of Eastern and European cultures, a city full of contrasts, beauty and energy.
Of course, we know as the capital of Sofia, Bulgaria, but in the city includes 24 districts, major urban areas. City Life saturated, full of ideas, in the air, and all the innovations - against the backdrop of a unique historical wealth. Bulgarians, fortunately, able to store history.
Sofia has one subway line (fare ~ 1 BGL, the rate in August 2015), as well as buses, trolley buses and trams. By the way, in recent years the bus fleet of Sofia completely renewed.
Rent a car in Sofia
The Bulgarian capital does not need to own a car to explore the sights of the city itself. But to go to the surrounding Sofia monasteries, picturesque mountains and the old city, it is worth thinking about the box office. The largest selection of rolling offices in one place - this airport. The cost of rent is very pretty - 25 EUR per day. Terms - friendly: a driver's license (and fit even national), the age of 21 years and a deposit for the car.
In Sofia, many budget hotels, from hostels to "treshek", conveniently located close to major attractions. More expensive and comfortable options to be found in Vitosha district, where not so long ago opened a lot of boutique hotels and five-star hotels.
Entertainment, tours and attractions Sofia
Most city tours start from the walls of the Cathedral of Alexander Nevsky (Alexander Nevsky Lavra and the church of St. Sophia). On the area of the People's Assembly of the interesting building of the National Assembly with the equestrian statue of the Russian Emperor Alexander II. Tsar Liberator Boulevard, you can pass by the Russian church of St. Nicholas, as well as the Museum of Natural Sciences in Batenberg Square, considered the center of Sofia.
Most shops open along the Sofia and Vitosha Boulevard in the gallery to the National Palace of Culture.
Travelers will be interesting only functioning mosque Sophia, built in the late 16th century Turkish architect Mimar Koca Sinan. Among other monuments constructed they can be called Selim II Mosque in Edirne, Turkey. Today, we have described the mosque - Banya Bashi Mosque in the back of the building which is a small, recently discovered site of the ancient baths, once adjacent to the mosque and fountain with hot potable water. You can get inside the mosque when believers do not perform namaz.
Travelers will be interesting only functioning mosque Sophia, built in the late 16th century Turkish architect Mimar Koca Sinan.
Another attraction of Sofia, which has in its name the word "Bath" - Mineral (or Turkish) bath - was built in the period between the early twenties of the last century. This building - a true architectural and historic gem of the Bulgarian capital, its elegant facade and ceramic decoration ornaments allude to the medieval churches of Nessebar, Sofia. During difficult for the whole of Eastern Europe 90th. the last century, the building, unfortunately, fell into disrepair and has been for almost twenty years recovered. In the future, the city authorities are planning to place here the Civic Museum.
In the center of the small area of Bansko, which is located between the mineral Baney and Banya Bashi Mosque, it is a modern fountain. And for Mineral Baney built beautiful complex of fountains, drinking water hitters.
Other attractions: the mosque Buyuk Cami, National Archaeological Museum, Church of St. Peter Samothrace, Bani Bashi mosque, rebuilt from the "Black mosque" Church of St. Sedmochislennitsy.
Also of interest are the Museum of History, Sofia City Art Gallery in Central Park, the building of the Sofia University. Kliment Ohridski Sofia and mineral baths, built on the site of the Roman baths.
Events and traditions
The history of Bulgaria in general and in particular Sofia. This history - especially the history of the people expressed in customs, way of life, holidays. Known and celebrated to this day Bulgarians often holidays are based on pagan roots. Until now, in the New Year, which is nazyvyut Surva Godin, young people put on masks depicting animals and clothing, topped survakarami (folk bells) on the belt. All the characters represent certain benefits of the coming year, whether fertility, wealth, family happiness.
On March Bulgarians celebrate the beginning of spring. On this day adorn themselves martenitsi - woven into the original bundle of red and white threads, denoting health and longevity.
Sunday on Shrove Tuesday (here it is called Sarnitsa) is a traditional day of meeting relatives. The main dish of the day is considered halva. Even in this small detail comes through historical interweaving of cultures of the Islamic east and the Slavs. Halva in this case "acts" as a unifying all the dishes, such as sweet, which we present to your life, and the same rich, full of flavor and joy. Based on the seeds, which give oil and meal symbolizes the wish for prosperity in the house.
About the tradition of the Bulgarians eloquent and fascinating National Museum of History will tell who owns a beautiful collection of artifacts. The museum was founded relatively recently, in 1981, in connection with a magnificent celebration of the 1300th anniversary of the Bulgarian state. The legendary Thracian gold exposed in such a way that the visitors had the opportunity to assess individually each of the exhibits. Other exhibits, bas-reliefs, ceramics and silver show the achievements of local medieval era. In particular, the museum presents many artifacts period Revival including folk costumes, household items, jewelry.
Where to stay: in one of the many hotels in Sofia, and the nearby ski to Sofia - Vitosha, in the largest ski resort in Bulgaria - Borovets.
What to see: one of the oldest European cities - Sofia, Bulgaria National Park and part-time ski resort - Vitosha, "City of Artists" Plovdiv Charming Melnik, "ski carnival" in Borovets, thermal springs in Bansko.
The most popular hotels and resorts are Albena, Bansko, Burgas, Golden Sands, Sofia.